Biography · BOOK REVIEWS · Calvinism · Church History · MARTIN LUTHER · Preaching · Reformation · The Gospel · Theology

The Legacy of Luther – R.C. Sproul and Stephen Nichols, Ed.

lutherR.C. Sproul and Stephen J. Nichols, The Legacy of Luther. Sanford: Reformation Trust Publishing, 2016, 308 pp. $15.66

On October 31, 1517, Martin Luther nailed the Ninety-Five Theses to the castle door in Wittenberg. One act of courage sparked a theological firestorm in Germany that set the world able in a matter of days. Spreading like wildfire, thousands were introduced to the gospel, which is received by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone.

The Legacy of Luther celebrates the accomplishments of this godly man. Edited by R.C. Sproul and Stephen Nichols, the book surveys Luther’s life, thought, and ultimately his legacy. A wide range of pastors and theologians contribute to this volume; men like Steven J. Lawson, Michael Horton, Sinclair Ferguson, and Derek Thomas, to name a few.

The Legacy of Luther is a sweeping look at the German Reformer. The book contains basic information that will appeal to first-time students of Luther. But it is also filled with a wealth of information that will satisfy the most deeply entrenched Luther scholar.

The Legacy of Luther certainly honors a significant man who stands head and shoulders above most others in church history. But at the end of the day, the book does not exalt a man; the book exalts the gospel of grace and celebrates the accomplishments of our Savior. The neglected gospel truths which were recovered by the Reformers are proclaimed with passion in zeal in this important volume.

Readers may be interested in my recently published book, Bold Reformer: Celebrating the Gospel-Centered Convictions of Martin Luther.

BOOK REVIEWS · Theology

WHAT WE TALK ABOUT WHEN WE TALK ABOUT GOD – Rob Bell (2013)

0062049666_lI am a disturbed man.  I am disturbed because people compromise the truth.  I am disturbed because people marginalize the truth and swerve away from biblical reality.  I am disturbed because a great communicator with a bright mind and a love for people continues down a rocky path.  On Tuesday, March 12, Rob Bell unveiled his newest book, What We Talk About When We Talk About God.  I am disturbed because one group of people uncritically accepts anything that comes off the end of Bell’s pen.  On the other hand, I am disturbed by Christians who refuse to debate civilly with the likes of Bell.   Instead, they cast stones and call names.  They protest outside at his speaking events and drop nasty one liners on Facebook.   Surely, there must be a better way!

In Bell’s previous offering,  Love Wins,  several fundamental doctrines were undermined, most notably the doctrine of hell.  Bell argued then, “If we want hell, if we want heaven, they are ours.  That’s how love works.  It can’t be forced, manipulated, or coerced.  It always leaves room for the other to decide.  God says yes, we can have what we want, because love wins.”  The author continues, “Restoration brings God glory; eternal torment doesn’t.  Reconciliation brings God glory; endless anguish doesn’t.  Renewal and return cause God’s greatness to shine through the universe; never-ending punishment doesn’t.”

The author continues the dialogue (according to emergent standards)  in What We Talk About When We Talk About God.  The writing is witty and inquisitive.  Bell has mastered the art of asking questions and has adjusted his eyes and tuned his ears in order to understand postmodern culture.

One of Bell’s central claims in the book is this: “We have a problem with God.”  He argues that many people are rethinking the nature of God.  Personally, I think that Bell is on to something here.  He is keenly aware of a shift that appears to be taking place in the minds of some people that concerns the nature of God.  Consider some of the ways that the nature of God has been recast in recent years, especially with the rise of open theism, inclusivism, and universalism.   Bell is not only aware of this “mind-shift” that has to do with the nature of God; he embraces it himself.  He compares God to the classic Oldsmobile.  This old car served many people in its day but has since been proven irrelevant.  Bell ponders what he calls the “tribal God” – “…  the one who’s always right (which means everybody else is wrong) – is increasingly perceived to be small, narrow, irrelevant, mean, and sometimes just not that intelligent.”  Bell quips, “Is God going to be left behind? Like Oldsmobiles?”

What We Talk About When We Talk About God essentially argues that the old view of God (the Oldsmobile view) is outdated and needs to be updated.  The argument revolves around three words: “With, For, and Ahead.”  Essentially, Bell argues that God is with us, for us, and ahead of us –  all of us.

With: God is with us.  He is the “energy, the glue, the force, the life, the power, and the source of all we know to be the depth, fullness, and vitality of life from the highest of highs to the lowest of lows and everything in between.”

For: God is for us.  “I believe God is for every single one of us, regardless of our beliefs or perspectives or actions or failures or mistakes or sins or opinions about whether God exists or not.”

Ahead: God is ahead of us.  “It’s as if human history were progressing along a trajectory, an arc, a continuum; and sacred history is the capturing and recording of those moments when people became aware that they were being called and drawn and pulled forward by the divine force and power and energy that gives life to everything.”

These affirmations are all very interesting and will likely receive much positive feedback.  But do they stand up to the scrutiny of Scripture?  I offer four specific critiques that go to the core of the book.

1. Being Certain About Certitude

Bell stands shoulder to shoulder with postmodern thinkers who mock the possibility of certitude.  Anyone who has studied the Enlightenment (Christian and non-Christian alike) will admit a posture of arrogance during these days.  But certitude does not necessarily entail an arrogant attitude.  Indeed, even Bell is pleading for a particular kind of knowledge that is wedded with humility.   Orthodoxy should include bold propositions and large doses of humility.

What is troubling about Bell’s discomfort with certitude is that certitude appears throughout the book.  His certitude about the world, the laws of physics, and the nature of God conflicts with the argument against certitude!

2. A Failure to Distinguish Between Law and Gospel

I am increasingly aware of and concerned with Christian thinkers who fail to distinguish between law and gospel.  What is concerning about this particular work is that neither emerge clearly.  When the author argues that “God is for every single one of us” law is essentially extinguished.  Additionally, the gospel appears to be inclusive; it is a gospel that appears to cut across all kinds of theological traditions, including traditions that fall outside the pale of orthodoxy.

3. A Failure to Distinguish Between the Creator and the Creature    

The notion that God is “with us,” “for us,” and “ahead of us leads readers away from the importance of the Creator-creature distinction.  The apostle Paul made this distinction plain in his message to the philosophers in Athens: “The God who made the world and everything in it, being the Lord of heaven and earth, does not live in temples made by man, nor is he served by human hands, as though he needed anything, since he himself gives to all mankind life and breath and everything” (Acts 17:24-25, ESV).

Acts 17:22-31 reveals a Creator God who is the cosmos shaper, the kingdom shaker who lives above creation.  He is the all-sufficient Ruler, Life Giver, and Destiny Maker.  And he is the righteous Judge who “commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by a man whom he has appointed …” (Acts 17:30-31, ESV).

And Scripture speaks of the creature who was created by God (Gen. 2:7).  The creatures (Adam and Eve) were originally free from sin but fell and as a result became sinners by nature and by choice (Gen. 3:1-7).  As such, these sinful creatures have no inherent righteousness, no desire for God (Rom. 3:10-11).  Subsequently, all creatures are born with a hatred in their hearts for God (Rom. 8:7-8).  They are dead in sin (Eph. 2:1-3), and they are enslaved in sin; totally unable to come to Christ apart from God’s empowerment (John 6:44).  These creatures are dependent upon God for everything.  These creatures, while given the ability to make free choices, are determined (Acts 17:26; Prov. 19:21; 21:1).  And these creatures are accountable to a righteous and sovereign Judge (Rom. 2:5-11).

4. A Failure to Reveal the Whole Truth About God

The notion that God is “with us,” “for us,” and “ahead of us (every single one of us) may sound good initially but falls short of the biblical model.  It is true that God is with his people.  We see this especially in the incarnation of Jesus, the One who is named Immanuel – or God with us (Matt. 1:23).  Yet God is not “with” the man who  has rejected the revelation of God in Christ.  “… Whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him” (John 3:36).

It is true that God is “for us” – that is to say, he is for his people.  “For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, nor height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Romans 8:38–39, ESV).  Yet God is not “for” the man who has rejected the promises and purposes of God.  He resists the proud (Jas. 4:6; 1 Pet. 5:5).

And it is true that God is “ahead of us” – he works on behalf of his people (Isa. 64:4).  Indeed, he works all things for good – but not for all.  The promise in Romans 8:28 is this: “And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose” (Romans 8:28, ESV).  And Scripture is clear on this point: God does not give sovereign grace to all people.  “For many are called, but few are chosen”” (Matthew 22:14, ESV).  The one who resists God’s authority; the one who refuses to take refuge in God will endure the wrath of almighty God (Ps. 2:12; Deut. 32:35; Rom. 1:18-24).

The model presented in What We Talk About When We Talk About God  appears to have something in common with panentheism which says that the world is “in” God.  So in the final analysis, the book appears to make much of God’s immanence and make light of his transcendence.

A.W. Tozer rightly said, “What comes into our minds when we think about God is the most important thing about us.”    Tozer continues, “Among the sins to which the human heart is prone, hardly any other is more hateful to God than idolatry, for idolatry is at bottom a libel on His character.  The idolatrous heart assumes that God is other than He is – in itself a monstrous sin – and substitutes for the true God one made after its own likeness.”  Therefore, we must beware of our propensity to fashion a god that suits our particular needs.  We must always subject our vision of God to the Scriptures and allow God’s Word to have the final say.

My plea to fellow evangelicals who disagree with Bell is to engage with biblically minded sensibility.  Name calling and ad hominem attacks must stop.  May our debates with those whom we disagree be filled with kindness, humility, meekness, and patience (Col. 3:12).  And when we talk about God, may our talk reflect the biblical vision of God that emerges in Scripture.  May we bow before his transcendent majesty.  May his holiness stop us dead in our tracks.  May we find comfort in his immanence – for he finds great delight in working for his people.  May we marvel at and worship this great God who tends “his flock like a shepherd and gathers the lambs in his arms” (Isa. 40:11).

Soli Deo Gloria!

 

 

BOOK REVIEWS

The Church in Babylon – Erwin Lutzer (2018)

babyErwin W. Lutzer, The Church in Babylon (Chicago: Moody Press, 2018), 295 pp.

These are perilous times, especially for Bible-believing Christians. We are daily faced with bowing down to an increasingly secularized culture and capitulating our Christian beliefs. Indeed, as one wise writer says, “He who marries the spirit of the age will soon become a widower.” While the zeitgeist beckons us to bow, the call of Christ towers above culture and has transcendent authority over every principality. It is in this context that Dr. Erwin Lutzer seeks to encourage readers in his latest work, The Church in Babylon: Heeding the Call to Be a Light in the Darkness.

Lutzer challenges readers to be bold and courageous in these compromised times: “We have to be a church that is, in some ways, repulsive to the world because of our authentic holiness and yet very attractive to the world because of our love and care.” In other words, as Lutzer says, “If we are not distinct from the world, we will have nothing to say to the world.” The author immediately places his finger on the essence of the problem – which is addressed in the remainder of the book.

The Church in Babylon is a multi-layered invitation. It is an invitation to fight. It is an invitation to invitation to faithfulness. And it is an invitation to flee from the darkness. When Christians commit themselves to live faithful lives in a postmodern culture, they experience the blessing of God.

The Church in Babylon is not only a multi-layered invitation; it is a multi-layered challenge. The author challenges readers to stand strong by defending the faith. He urges them to fearlessly proclaim the message of the gospel. And he prompts them to be people of prayer and power.

Ultimately, the church is called to love people: “The church that survives in Babylon is one whose members accept their lot with both sorrow,  but also a joy that is inexplicable. It is a church that attempts to silence its critics by its authenticity and commitment to others. It is a church that is willing to follow Jesus all the way to the cross.”

The Church in Babylon is Erwin Lutzer at his best. His passionate appeal to faithful Christian living will deeply encourage many Christians as they face trials and temptations in contemporary culture. Lutzer’s work would work nicely in an adult Sunday School class and should also be utilized in youth groups.

I received this book free from the publisher. I was not required to write a positive review.

BOOK REVIEWS

Spirit-Filled Jesus – Mark Driscoll

dris

Mark Driscoll, Spirit-Filled Jesus (Lake Mary: Charisma Media), 242 pp.

Some writers have a unique ability to gather a crowd and speak to their needs. Mark Driscoll is such a writer. He has a solid understanding of Scripture. And he has a grasp of people and contemporary culture. As such, he is able to communicate in a way that is both challenging and comforting.

Driscoll’s latest book, Spirit-Filled Jesus invites readers to consider the Spirit-filled life of Jesus, which will enable them to live by his power. The author presents Christ in a way that is biblical and balanced. His Christological treatment is also consistent with creedal formulations, which are widely accepted. This treatment is a helpful introduction to new believers or students who are not versed in theology.

Driscoll is careful to make direct applications which aim directly at the heart of readers. He does not shy away from confronting sin but in doing so his approach is gracious and understanding.

One concern should be noted. First, while the book is solid as mentioned above, much of the work does not focus on the subject at hand, namely, the Spirit-filled Jesus. While the material is useful and biblically consistent, it appears off the beaten path at times. Such an approach is distracting and unhelpful.

In the final analysis, Spirit-Filled Jesus will prove helpful to Christians just getting started in the Christian race. It is a basic overview of applied Christology and Pneumatology. Seasoned believers, however, will be disappointed and may choose to look elsewhere.

I received this book free from the publisher. I was not required to write a positive review.

BOOK REVIEWS · Mending the Achilles Heel: A Biblical Response to the Problem of Evil · Theology · VERITAS FELLOWSHIP

THE ENCHIRIDION – Aurelius Augustine (420 A.D.)

The Enchiridion (a book that contains key information on a particular subject), by Aurelius Augustine is a handbook of Christian doctrine that provides brief answers to Laurentius, one of Augustine’s friends.  The book is divided into three sections, the first of which is a brief exposition of the Apostles’ Creed.  The second part contains a basic exposition of the Lord’s Prayer.  The third part focuses on the Gospel.

Augustine begins by acknowledging the request of Laurentius, namely, a handbook with answers to the big questions of life.  The author articulates a few of these questions: “What ought to be man’s chief end in life; what he ought, in view of the various heresies, chiefly to avoid; to what extent religion is supported by reason; what there is in reason that lends no support to faith, when faith stands alone; what is the starting point, what the goal, of religion …”  Augustine maintains that his disciple can know the answers to all of the above questions, so long as he thoroughly knows the “proper objects of faith, hope, and love.”

Augustine boils down a piece of essential knowledge that is required for all who follow Christ, namely, that the goodness of the Creator created all things.  It is refreshing to hear the simplicity of Augustine’s message regarding origins; a message that comes almost 1,500 years before the scandalous musings of Charles Darwin: “It is enough for the Christian to believe that the only cause of all created things, whether heavenly or earthly, whether visible or invisible, is the goodness of the Creator, the one true God; and that nothing exists but Himself that does not derive its existence from Him; and that He is the Trinity – to wit, the Father, and the Son begotten of the Father, and the Son begotten of the Father, and the Holy Spirit proceeding from the same Father, but one and the same Spirit of Father and Son.”

Augustine wrestles with the problem of evil and holds that evil is the absence of good.  In other words, it is possible for evil to exist in a universe that was originally created as good.  Or to put it another way, evil is dependent upon goodness.  He writes, “There can be no evil where there is no good; and an evil man is an evil good.”

Augustine maintains the God, who is omnipotent is a good God, even when he permits evil: “Although, therefore, evil, in so far as it is evil as good exists, is a good.  For if it were not a good that evil should exist, its existence would not be permitted by the omnipotent Good, who without doubt can as easily refuse to permit what He does not wish, as bring about what He does wish.”

The author addresses the nature of free grace and responds to the Pelagianism that was corrupting the church in the fifth century (and continues to poison many contemporary churches): “Men are not saved by good works, nor by the free determination of their own will, but by the grace of God through faith … So when man by his own free will sinned, then sin being victorious over him, the freedom of his will was lost.”

Thoughtful readers will graciously pass by Augustine’s erroneous promotion of paedo-baptism; they will refuse to “throw the baby out with the bathwater!”  Draining the bathwater would preclude the reader from profiting from Augustine’s theological insight.  These insights include but are not limited to:

1) The importance of building a strong and biblical doctrinal foundation.

2) The importance of exercising discernment with professors of Christianity.

3) The importance of personal discipleship.

4) The importance of developing a Christian worldview, especially in regards to the Creator-creature distinction.

5) The folly of free will apart from grace and the liberty that new creatures receive in Christ.

6) The sinfulness of sin, the bondage and slavery of unregenerate man, and the necessity of a Redeemer.

Read the thermometer in our postmodern climate.  It nearly always reads, “trivial,” “banal,”  “superficial,” or “amusement.”  Augustine’s Enchiridion provides a much needed shot of meaty mercury! Read it with an open Bible and a pen in hand.

Tolle Lege!

BOOK REVIEWS

Theophany: A Biblical Theology of God’s Appearing – Vern Poythress

theoVern Poythress, Theophany: A Biblical Theology of God’s Appearing Wheaton: Crossway, 2018, 463 pp. $26.79

“A theophany is a manifestation of divine presence accompanied by an extraordinary display mediating that presence.” This is the primary goal of Vern S. Poythress in his recent book, Theophany: A Biblical Theology of God’s Appearing.

Theophanies, according to the author have three primary functions: (1) They manifest God’s character and glory. (2) They remind us that God is with us. (3) They fill us with a sense of holy anticipation for the final coming and appearance of God.

“In short,” writes Poythress, “God is present everywhere and at all times in the created world that he has made.” Theophany is arranged in five sections as outlined below:

Part I: The Biblical Theme of God Appearing

Part II: The Mystery of God Appearing

Part III: A History of God Appearing in the Old Testament

Part IV: A History of God Appearing in the New Testament

Using this framework, the author guides readers on an enthralling journey that presents God from cover to cover. A threefold theme emerges throughout this book that alert readers to the promises of God, his covenants, and the presence of God. Ultimately, the appearances of God foreshadow the appearance of God in Christ, whom Poythress says is the “permanent and climactic theophany.”

I highly recommend Theophany and trust that many will be encouraged and edified as they come face-to-face with the God of the Bible.

I received this book free from the publisher. I was not required to write a positive review.

BOOK REVIEWS · Philosophy

LOGIC: A GOD-CENTERED APPROACH TO THE FOUNDATION OF WESTERN THOUGHT – Vern Poythress (2013)

1433532298_lLogic is one of the last things one would expect to hear about in a church. I have found that some Christians even have an aversion to logic – a statement which interestingly enough is not very logical! We should be thankful to men like Very Poythress who share their gifts with the church as well as the academy. One such gift is his latest book, Logic: A God-Centered Approach to the Foundation of Western Thought.

The first thing readers will notice about this work is volume. It weighs in at over 700 pages which includes a large appendix that supplement the fine work that Poythress presents.

The author organizes his book into three parts, namely – Elementary Logic, Aspects of Propositional Logic, and Enriching Logic. Readers familiar with the discipline of logic will be very familiar with the terminology that is included in the table of contents. At first glance, the book seems to have much in common with a standard textbook on logic. But the real beauty of the book is found in the relationship of logic to God. Poythress rightly shows the logic comes directly from the hand of God. Indeed, he is “the source for logic.” The other demonstrates the rationality of logic and the personal nature of logic: “Logic in this sense is an aspect of the mind of God. All God’s attributes will therefore be manifested in the real laws of logic, in distinction from our human approximations to them.”

Poythress captures the essence of preuppositional apologetics and appears to pick up where Van Til left off: “We can praise God for what he has given us in our logic and our ability to reason.” Yet, sinners suppress the truth of God’s existence. “Everywhere we are confronted with the reality of God – and everywhere we flee from this reality.”

Logic helps us discern between truth and error. Logic on its own can not tell us what is true. But it will serve as a powerful aid in the discerning process. This work by Vern Poythress is a powerful anti-venom in a toxic world that is on a death-march away from logic. Sometimes people just don’t make any sense!

BOOK REVIEWS

The Vanishing American Adult – Ben Sasse (2017)

sasseBen Sasse, The Vanishing American Adult New York: St. Martins Press, 2017, 306 pp. $16.75

Senator Ben Sasse is concerned. He is concerned about the next generation. To put it bluntly, Sasse argues in so many words that we are experiencing a crisis of maturity. Young people are being raised to be lazy, self-indulgent, ungrateful, and unproductive citizens.

The Vanishing American Adult by Ben Sasse focusses on “rebuilding a culture comprised of resilient, literate, thoughtful individuals.” Tragically, many Americans fail to achieve this high standard. In a fascinating twist of irony, one of the first reviews I read on Amazon (which incidentally rated this book with one star) weighed in: “Did not hold my attention. I got very bored.” Such a comment only heightens the appeal that Sasse makes and should prompt this reviewer to reconsider.

After brilliantly articulating our propensity to be passive, Sasse proposes five character building habits:

  1. Discover the body its potential and its frailty, and the many diverse stages of life that lie ahead – by breaking free of the tyranny of one generation.
  2. Develop a work ethic.
  3. Embrace limited consumption.
  4. Learn how to travel and to travel light.
  5. Learn how to read and decide what to read.

The author develops each character building habits and provides “stepping stones” at the conclusion of each chapter. Readers who participate will no doubt be encouraged and will likely take great steps to repudiate the prevailing passivity that dominates American culture.

The Vanishing American Adult is a much-needed corrective and will benefit many readers. The crisis that Senator Sasse presents is real and dangerous. Left unchecked, this crisis will lead to the the steady erosion of American culture and the loss of virtue. Thankfully, Sasse offer workable solutions to “stop the bleeding.” My hope is that many will listen, learn, and change. The future generations will thank us.

BOOK REVIEWS

Think, Learn, Succeed – Caroline Leaf (2018)

tinkCaroline Leaf, Think, Learn, Succeed (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2018), 316 pp.

Think, Learn, Succeed is the latest offering from the pen of Dr. Caroline Leaf. Dr. Leaf’s chief objective is nicely summarized in the book’s subtitle: Understanding and Using Your Mind to Thrive at School, the Workplace, and Life.

The author presents a series of mindsets that set readers on a path to learning and effectiveness. These mindsets are practical and instructive and serve the reader well by revealing motivating factors that spark productivity and cultivate a climate of learning.

The heart of the book discusses the gift profile whose stated aim is to “customize thinking.” “Understanding our customized way of thinking,” writes Leaf, is, in fact, essential to understanding ourselves, our identities.” Seven modules are introduced along with gift profile that evaluates where a given person stands. Ultimately, understanding the so-called customized way of thinking enables one to develop workable strategies that enhance thinking, learning, and success.

There is much to commend about this book and will likely help and encourage many people. However, not everything is noteworthy as the author cites the well-known poem, “Invictus” by William Ernest Henley. The closing words of the poem are troublesome:

It matters not how strait the gate,

How charged with punishments the scroll,

I am the master of my fate,

I am the captain of my soul.

This spirit of autonomy that Henley promotes is also exalted in Leaf’s book: “You redesign your future because your future is in your hands.” Scripture presents are radically different portrait, however. God’s Word exalts the sovereignty of God, not the so-called autonomy of man. God’s Word affirms that God ordains all things. Indeed, he is the creator. Humans are creatures, not the “captains” of their souls.

Discerning readers will accept the valuable principles in Think, Learn, Succeed and benefit from Dr. Leaf’s research. But they will also discard anything that does not line up with Scripture.

I received this book free from the publisher. I was not required to write a positive review.

BOOK REVIEWS · Calvinism · CHRISTIAN LIFE · Culture

The Lordship of Christ: Serving Our Savior All of the Time, In All of Life, With All of Our Heart – Vern Poythress (2016)

Vern Poythress. The Lordship of Christ: Serving Our Savior All of the Time, In All of Life, With All of Our Heart. Wheaton: Crosswaypoy
Books, 2016. 224 pp. $14.49

The Dutch statesman, Abraham Kuyper famously said, “There is not a square inch in the whole domain of our human existence over which Christ, who is sovereign over all, does not cry: ‘Mine.’” Such is the theme of the recent book by Vern Poythress, The Lordship of Christ: Serving Our Savior All of the Time, In All of Life, with All of Our Heart.

Poythress attempts to show readers that the Lordship of Christ extends to every area of life, including politics, science, art, the future, education, and work. Nothing is excluded.

The author sets the stage by making the crucial assertion that the lordship of Christ extends to believers and unbelievers alike. No one is excluded. Every atheist, agnostic, neo-pagan, gnostic, new ager, evolutionist, and every Christian is subject to the lordship of Christ. The general tone of the book is to help readers understand the implications of living in a world where Christ is Lord over all.

Poythress carefully establishes the basis for a Christian worldview which is grounded in absolute surrender to Jesus Christ: “To confess Jesus to be Lord is to confess him to be God, the same God who is the God of Israel and who created the world.” Poythress continues, “Jesus is therefore worthy of absolute allegiance. In giving allegiance to Jesus we are at the same time giving allegiance to God the Father and God the Holy Spirit, because the three persons are God.”

At the end of the day, every person who stands under Christ’s lordship also recognizes that glorifying him brings the highest measure of satisfaction. Poythress observes, “We find our deepest satisfaction and the deepest fulfillment of who we are – who we were created to be – when we serve God: ‘Man’s chief end is to glorify God, and to enjoy him forever.’”

One of the most helpful aspects of this book is a basic repackaging of Cornelius Van Til’s apologetic method. Standing with Van Til, Poythress demonstrates the principle of antithesis (which was also popularized by Francis A. Schaeffer). The author demonstrates how knowledge is always derived from God and is therefore, never autonomous: “We must not seek knowledge autonomously, in independence from or isolation from God’s words. That is a form of rebellion, which dishonors God’s way of living. When there seems to be a tension between God’s word in Scripture and what we are learning from other sources, Scripture has the priority because it is the word of God.”

Some books are meant to be nibbled at; others are meant to be devoured. The Lordship of Christ is of the later sort. This is a serious book for anyone who is serious about pursuing Christ and glorifying him in every arena of life. College students and Seminarians should devour this wonderful book and find great freedom in living under the authority and lordship of Jesus.

I received this book free from the publisher. I was not required to write a positive review.